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Project Summary

Gaining physics understanding and predictive capabilities to describe the evolution of plasma facing components (PFC) requires simultaneously addressing complex and diverse physics occurring over a wide range of length and time scales, as well as integrating extensive physical processes across the plasma - surface - bulk materials boundaries. This requires development not only of detailed physics models and computational strategies at each of these scales, but computer science algorithms and methods to strongly couple them in a way that can be robustly validated through comparisons against available data and new experiments. Therefore, the objective of this project is to develop robust, high-fidelity simulation tools capable of predicting the PFC operating lifetime and the PFC impact on plasma contamination, recycling of hydrogenic species, and tritium retention in future magnetic fusion devices, with a focus on tungsten based material systems. Deploying these tools requires the development of a leadershipscale computational code, as well as a host of simulations that span the multiple scales needed to address complex physical and computational issues at the plasma - surface interface and the transition below the surface where neutron damage processes in the bulk material dominate behavior in multiple-component materials systems. Successful development will enable improved prediction of PFC performance needed to ensure magnetic fusion energy development beyond ITER.


 InstitutionPrincipal InvestigatorAdditional Participants
ANLTim Tautges ( M. Constantinescu, Jungho Lee, Barry Smith
GA/DIII-DVincent Chan ( McLean (LLNL)
LANLXianzhu Tang ( Ahrens, David Higdon, Danny Perez, Arthur Voter, Blas Uberuaga
ORNL*Brian D. Wirth* ( E. Bernholdt, Jay Jay Billings, John Canik, Jeremy Meredith, Philip C. Roth, Roger Stoller, Stanislav Golubov
PNNLRick Kurtz ( Nandipati, Kenny Roche
 UCSDSergei Krasheninnikov ( 
UIUCDavid Ruzic (

Davide Curreli, Kyle Lindquist

UMassDimitrios Maroudas ( 

* Lead Institution and Lead Principal Investigator

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